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Opportunities for Managing Human Capital in University Spin-offs. A Dynamic Analysis

Oportunidades de la gestión del capital humano en las spin-offs universitarias. Un análisis dinámico

Abstract

Creating university spin-offs (USOs) should be one of the cornerstones of a country’s business development. Yet a number of studies have identified two factors that limit their growth: access to funding difficulties and a lack of management skills among entrepreneurial teams. In order to identify potential solutions for the latter of those factors, an analysis was performed to determine how the implementation of certain human resources policies affects the creation and retention of human capital in USOs. If successfully implemented, such policies can contribute to a more efficient management of the market value of such organisations. So, after diagnosing what the human capital component of Spanish USOs is considered to be, a causal analysis was performed. The approach taken to the analysis was that acquiring and retaining human capital is a strategic problem for such organisations. The outcome of the analysis is a series of policy proposals that, taking account of the differential characteristics of USOs, aim to foster the recruitment, development and retention of human capital as the basis of such organisations’ business competitiveness.

Resumen

La creación de spin-offs universitarias debería constituir uno de los pilares sobre los que sustentar el desarrollo del tejido empresarial de un país. Sin embargo, de los análisis realizados se desprenden dos factores que limitan su crecimiento: las dificultades de acceso a fuentes de financiación y la falta de habilidades de gestión del equipo emprendedor. Para poder contribuir a solucionar la segunda de las dificultades detectadas, se ha realizado un análisis destinado a explicar cómo la implantación de determinadas políticas de recursos humanos puede afectar a la creación y mantenimiento del capital humano en las spin-offs universitarias, y con ello contribuir a una gestión más eficiente de su valor en el mercado. A partir del diagnóstico de cuál es la consideración del capital humano en las spin-offs españolas, se ha desarrollado un análisis causal que plantea la adquisición y mantenimiento del capital humano como un dilema estratégico para este tipo de organizaciones. Del análisis realizado se han derivado una serie de políticas propuestas que, teniendo en cuenta las características diferenciales de las spin-offs universitarias, están encaminadas a favorecer la captación, el desarrollo y retención de su capital humano como base de su competitividad empresarial

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Correspondence to David Rodeiro Pazos.

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Rodeiro Pazos, D., Fernñndez, S. & Calvo, N. Opportunities for Managing Human Capital in University Spin-offs. A Dynamic Analysis. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 9, 329–346 (2012). https://doi.org/10.7238/rusc.v9i2.1397

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Keywords

  • human capital
  • spin-off
  • human resources management
  • entrepreneurship
  • strategic management

Palabras clave

  • capital humano
  • spin-off
  • recursos humanos
  • emprendimiento
  • dirección estratégica
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