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Table 5 Paired sample t test in web design skills of students in different knowledge integration groups

From: Applying the design-based learning model to foster undergraduates’ web design skills: the role of knowledge integration

Group Test Mean n SD t Cohen’s d
Low Pre-test 54.21 19 15.57 5.81*** 1.10
  Post-test 71.32 19 8.79   
Medium Pre-test 63.00 15 15.90 5.03*** 1.13
  Post-test 81.00 15 11.05   
High Pre-test 56.25 16 16.98 5.56*** 1.64
  Post-test 84.06 16 10.04   
  1. ***p < 0.001; Cohen’s d = (post-test – pre-test)/SD(pre-test)