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Table 3 Descriptions of the TEL curricula topic codes

From: What do they TEL(L)? A systematic analysis of master programs in technology-enhanced learning

Topic code Description Domain frequency
Research methods Research methods Neutral 124
TEL pedagogy TEL Instructional design, TEL pedagogy, and pedagogical design of TEL environments TEL 102
Instructional design Instructional design, including analysis, planning, and design of instruction Ed 92
TEL basics Basics of TEL and TEL conceptualization TEL 91
Management Administration of educational process, management, funding and policy Other 80
Online learning E-Learning, online learning, and distant learning TEL 80
TEL content design Design of educational content and media using authoring tools TEL 79
Use of content and media Search, selection and use of educational tools and media content TEL 69
Assessment and TEA Evaluation and assessment and technology-enhanced assessment, human performance technology TEL 66
TEL state of the art TEL state-of-the-art, introduction to the current issues and trends in the field TEL 62
Learning methods and theories Learning methods and theories, usually an overview of behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism and/or focus on specific methods and theories Ed 59
TEL integration Integration of TEL into the educational process, change management, and outcome assessment TEL 51
Project A large semester project, done individually or in a group Neutral 47
Leadership Leadership and educational leadership Other 45
Learning basics Introduction to learning sciences Ed 39
IT Basics Basics of information technology, information and communication technologies, and/or computer science IT 37
Universal design A broad range of subjects including socially-oriented inclusion, disability and diversity and also technology-related universal design and accessibility Other 36
Internship Internship and placements Neutral 36
Emerging TEL awareness Awareness of emerging TEL technologies, approaches and trends, often including the use of new tools, devices and methods TEL 35
Childhood Childhood studies, early age and school education Ed 33
Sociology and Culture Sociology and culture, including multicultural education Ed 31
Games Design and use of computer games and simulations, including game-based learning IT 30
Psychology Psychology, psychology of learning, motivation, and emotion in education Ed 23
Adult education Adult education, professional development and training Ed 23
Application domains Education in specific application domains (such as health education, math education, STEM education, etc.) Ed 23
Digital society Sociology and TEL, socio-technical systems, and digital society Ed 21
HCI Human–Computer Interaction, interaction design, and user-centered design IT 18
Digital literacy Digital literacy, usually including the most basic computer competences and skills Ed 17
Innovation Innovation, innovation in TEL, and innovation in education Other 16
Cognition Cognition, cognitivism, brain and mind Ed 15
Programming TEL apps Technical design and development of TEL applications, programming applications TEL 15
Data science and AI Artificial Intelligence, statistics, and data analytics in TEL IT 14
Social media Social media tools and use of social media in education IT 10
Creativity Creativity and creativity in TEL Other 9
Mobile learning Mobile learning, an learning approach assuming leaning anywhere and using mobile devices TEL 9
Ethics Ethics, educational ethics, research ethics and academic integrity Other 9
Library science Library and media, classification, cataloging Other 8
Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Other 8
Soft skills Soft skills (also known as 21-century skills) Other 8
IT advanced Advanced topics of information technology, information and communication technologies, and/or computer science, mostly related to the design of applications IT 8
Maker spaces Maker spaces and design thinking IT 7
Digital storytelling Digital Storytelling and presentation IT 5
Open education Openness in TEL, open education Ed 4
Interdisciplinarity Concept of interdisciplinarity and interdisciplinary teaching Other 3