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Table 5 Comparison of the proportions of collaborative modes

From: Patterns of student collaborative learning in blended course designs based on their learning orientations: a student approaches to learning perspective

Collaborative modes UC MC RC Pairwise comparison z p
No % No % No %   
Face-to-face 20 28% 39 35% 24 43% UC = MC 1.00 0.32
       UC < RC 3.30 0.00
       MC = RC 1.00 0.32
Dual modes 52 72% 71 65% 32 57% UC = MC 1.00 0.32
       UC > RC 3.30 0.00
       MC = RC 1.00 0.32
  1. The significant results are bolded
  2. UC  Understanding Collaboration pattern, MC  Mixed Collaboration pattern, RC  Reproducing Collaboration pattern