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Table 1 Results of the cluster analysis and one-way ANOVAs

From: Patterns of student collaborative learning in blended course designs based on their learning orientations: a student approaches to learning perspective

Variables 1: Understanding
(N = 103)
2: Reproducing
(N = 90)
F p η2
  M SD M SD    
DAI 0.31 0.84 − 0.32 0.95 23.95 0.00 0.11
SAI − 0.63 0.75 0.70 0.73 153.20 0.00 0.45
DAT 0.43 0.82 − 0.51 0.95 54.32 0.00 0.22
SAT − 0.54 0.76 0.62 0.88 97.45 0.00 0.34
POW 0.28 1.04 − 0.29 0.87 16.59 0.00 0.08
CM 0.19 0.92 − 0.21 1.06 8.01 0.04 0.04
  1. DAI  deep approaches to learning through inquiry, SAI  surface approaches to learning through inquiry, DAT  deep approaches to using online learning technologies, SAT  surface approaches to using online learning technologies, POW  perceptions of the online workload, CM  course marks