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Table 1 Means and standard deviations of retention, comprehension and transfer scores for the three groups

From: An eye tracking study: positive emotional interface design facilitates learning outcomes in multimedia learning?

  Group M SD F p
Retention score [max = 12] HPED (n = 27) 7.41 3.66 3.38 .039
  LPED (n = 26) 9.69 3.32   
  ND (n = 27) 9.15 3.05   
Comprehension score [max = 16] HPED (n = 27) 8.30 1.79 .83 .439
  LPED (n = 26) 8.81 1.17   
  ND (n = 27) 8.56 1.28   
Transfer score [max = 12] HPED (n = 27) 3.85 1.10 8.33 .001
  LPED (n = 26) 5.12 1.58   
  ND (n = 27) 3.85 1.17