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Table 4 Relationships between components of SDT and components of engagement

From: Examining learning engagement in MOOCs: a self-determination theoretical perspective using mixed method

GroupsVariablesMeanMedianStd.(1) PA(2) SR(3) PC(4) BE(5) EE
Total (N = 693)(1) perceived autonomy (PA)3.874.00.72    
(2) sense of relatedness (SR)2.262.00.80−.295**   
(3) perceived competence (PC)3.784.00.66.426**−.382**  
(4) behavioural engagement (BE)3.994.00.68.520**−.347**.592** 
(5) emotional engagement (EE)4.074.00.69.596**−.369**.646**.733**
(6) cognitive engagement (CE)3.923.92.68.494**−.369**.647**.709**.716**
Completion (N = 492)(1) perceived autonomy (PA)3.814.00.76    
(2) sense of relatedness (SR)2.202.00**.80−.327**   
(3) perceived competence (PC)3.834.00**.66.521**−.431**  
(4) behavioural engagement (BE)4.014.13.70.567**−.397**.656** 
(5) emotional engagement (EE)4.034.25.73.604**−.408**.708**.791**
(6) cognitive engagement (CE)3.944.00**.70.513**−.421**.668**.718**.753**
Noncompletion (N = 162)(1) perceived autonomy (PA)4.014.00.56    
(2) sense of relatedness (SR)2.552.50**.74−.344**   
(3) perceived competence (PC)3.603.67**.63.159*−.115  
(4) behavioural engagement (BE)3.954.00.62.398**−.252**.464** 
(5) emotional engagement (EE)4.084.00.50.539**−.264**.417**.573**
(6) cognitive engagement (CE)3.834.00**.61.418**−.200*.545**.748**.562**
  1. **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05