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Table 2 Summary of research questions, data collection, and analyses

From: Transitioning to the “new normal” of learning in unpredictable times: pedagogical practices and learning performance in fully online flipped classrooms

Research question Data source Data analysis
RQ 1: What effect does the change from a conventional flipped classroom format to an online flipped format have on student learning performance? Student final course marks Descriptive statistics, Inferential statistics
RQ 2: What are the good practices for videoconferencing-assisted online flipped classrooms, as perceived by students and teaching staff? Student self-reflection, Instructor’s and teaching assistants’ self-reflection Content analysis using the grounded approach