Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of Swiss university and South African university Panels’ Rankings of the Selected Challenges

From: Challenges and contexts in establishing adaptive learning in higher education: findings from a Delphi study

Swiss university (19 participants, 16 items)South African university (10 participants, 11 items)
DCategoryRankChallenge ItemMdnMSDDCategoryRankChallenge ItemMdnMSD
OManagement1forming required competences & expertise in staff1210.73.7OInstitutional strategies1Institutional commitment to adaptive learning9.57.93.4
OManagement2Providing personnel & financial resources1310.64.4TPerceptions & beliefs2Negative attitude towards technology9.07.73.6
OInstitutional strategies3Institutional commitment to adaptive learning1110.54.3TInfrastructure, hard-& software3Accessibility & availability of necessary technical/physical infrastructure87.62.9
T&LInstructional & curriculum elements4(Re) designing instructional materials & courses1010.24.6OManagement4Providing technical & didactical support to lecturers76.72.4
T&LLecturer characteristics5Need for professional development910.13.1TInfrastructure, hard-& software5Affordable private internet access7.56.33.7
OInstitutional strategies6Further development of the “Distance University” strategy1210.05.8OManagement6Providing personnel & financial resources6.55.93.6
TPerceptions & beliefs7Recognising advantages of adaptive learning109.43.6OManagement7Participative implementation of adaptive learning3.55.22.9
T&LInstructional and curriculum elements8Meaningful combination of classroom & online instructions in “blended learning” models109.25.1OManagement8Hiring instructional designers4.55.03.0
TInfrastructure, hard-& software9Usability98.64.1T&LLearner characteristics9Developing digital literacy & media skills5.55.03.1
T&LInstructional and curriculum elements10Shift to adaptive teaching & learning57.54.9T&LLecturer characteristics10High staff-workload54.82.1
TInfrastructure, hard-& software11Robustness of adaptive learning systems87.34.3TInfrastructure, hard-& software11Usability43.92.4
OResources12ROI: research on effectiveness of adaptive courses77.25.5       
T&LInstructional and curriculum elements13Developing self-regulated learning skills66.74.3       
OManagement14Providing support & training to students76.33.8       
OManagement15Agile, successive implementation of adaptive learning65.94.0       
TInfrastructure, hard-& software16Learning analytics55.73.8       
  1. Note: D Dimension, T technology, T&L teaching and learning, O organisation, M mean, Mdn median, SD standard deviation