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Table 5 Hypotheses, path coefficients, and results

From: The roles of academic engagement and digital readiness in students’ achievements in university e-learning environments

  Path Path coefficient t- statistic p- value Results
H1 E-learning adoption > Academic achievement .067 1.576 0.116 Not supported
H2 Academic engagement > Academic achievement .297 7.622 0.000 Supported
H3 E-learning attitude > Academic achievement −.052 1.329 0.184 Not supported
H4 E-learning adoption > Academic engagement .127 2.879 0.004 Supported
H5 E-learning adoption > Digital readiness .191 4.114 0.000 Supported
H6 E-learning attitude > Academic engagement .020 0.413 0.680 Not supported
H7 E-learning attitude > Digital readiness .151 3.089 0.002 Supported
H8 Digital readiness > Academic engagement .272 6.641 0.000 Supported