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Table 1 Full Mapping of Research Methods Used

From: Big course small talk: twitter and MOOCs — a systematic review of research designs 2011–2017

  Interviews Surveys / Questionnaires Researcher analysis of social media content Machine analysis of social media content Social network analysis Other metadata analysis
Abeywardena 2014     x   
Alario-Hoyos et al. 2014       x
Alario-Hoyos et al. 2013   x     x
Bell et al. 2016   x    x x
Bozkurt et al. 2016     x x  
Chen et al. 2016       x
Costello et al. 2017      x  
Costello et al. 2016.     x   
Cruz-Benito et al. 2015   x x x   x
Cruz-Benito et al. 2017   x x x   x
de Keijser and van der Vlist 2014      x x
de Waard et al. 2011   x     
Enriquez-Gibson 2014a     x   
Enriquez-Gibson 2014b     x   x
Fournier et al. 2014 x x x x x x
García-Peñalvo et al. 2015     x   x
Jiang and Kotzias 2016      x  
Joksimović et al. 2015a, b     x x  
Joksimović et al. 2015a, b    x x   x
Knox 2014   x x x   x
Kop 2011   x x x   x
Koutropoulos et al. 2014     x   
Kravvaris et al. 2016     x   x
Liu et al. 2016   x x    x
Saadatmand and Kumpulainen 2014 x x     x
Salmon et al. 2015 x x   x   
Shen and Kuo 2015     x x x
Skrypnyk et al. 2015      x  
Spilker et al. 2015   x   x   x
Tu 2014    x x x  
van Treeck and Ebner 2013     x   x
Veletsianos 2017    x x   x
Yeager et al. 2013    x   x x
Zhang et al. 2015       x
Totals 3 14 11 22 12 22