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Table 8 Summary of Multiple Regression Analysis: F2F Preference

From: Integrating students’ perspectives about online learning: a hierarchy of factors

Analysis of Variance F2F Preference
Source DF Sum of Squares Mean Square F Ratio
Model 17.00 19.35 1.1384 9.36
Error 693.00 84.25 0.12158 Prob > F
C. Total 710.00 103.60   <.0001
Parameter Estimates
Term Estimate Std Error t Ratio Prob > |t|
Intercept −2.10 0.05 −44.99 <.0001***
Undergraduate (vs. graduate) 0.03 0.02 1.36 0.1729
Age 0.02 0.03 0.77 0.4417
African American (vs. White) −0.01 0.05 −0.19 0.8460
Asian Pacific Islander (vs. White) 0.01 0.04 0.23 0.8174
Latino (vs. White) −0.04 0.02 −1.52 0.1300
Other Race (vs. White) 0.04 0.04 0.89 0.3733
Nonworking (vs. full-time working) 0.03 0.02 1.58 0.1147
Nonworking (vs. part-time working) −0.03 0.02 −1.49 0.1355
Distance to University 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.9997
Number of HD/OL Classes Taken −0.11 0.02 −5.63 <.0001***
Basic Online Modality 0.01 0.02 0.74 0.4583
Instructional Support 0.07 0.02 3.83 0.0001***
Teaching Presence −0.03 0.02 −1.35 0.1759
Cognitive Presence −0.06 0.02 −2.68 0.0076***
Online Social Comfort −0.06 0.02 −3.28 0.0011***
Interactive Modality 0.03 0.02 1.68 0.0937*
Social Presence 0.08 0.02 4.10 <.0001***
  1. *p < .10, **p < .05, ***p < .01