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Table 1 Research design of this study

From: Applying the design-based learning model to foster undergraduates’ web design skills: the role of knowledge integration

Group Pre-test Treatment Post-test
Experimental group O1 X1 O3
Control group O2 X2 O4
  1. O1 and O2 were the Web Design Skills Test; O3 and O4 were Web Design Skills Test and Knowledge Integration Scale; X1 was the course designed with the DBL model; X2 was a programming course