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Table 3 Evaluation indicators of learner identity changes

From: The identity changes in online learning and teaching: instructors, learners, and learning management systems

Learner identity Indicator
Communicator Learners are engaged in socialisation and understand the learning objectives through communication. They are also given opportunities to express their expectations and/or understandings of activities/projects
Participant Individual learners and groups (or pairs) of learners are distinguished, and their engagement and participation are evidenced in diverse structured communication and collaboration tools on a regular basis
Constructor/collaborator Learning outcomes (e.g., artefacts, techniques, arguments, strategies and frameworks) are constructed by learners’ inputs through collaboration partnership
Collaborator/advocator Learning outcomes are presented, shared, and/or exhibited in a medium(s) where peer engagement and assessment and/or external promotion and engagement with people is evidenced