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Table 1 The identity changes of online learning and teaching

From: The identity changes in online learning and teaching: instructors, learners, and learning management systems

Identity formation Period Instructor identity Learner identity LMS identity
 Pre-membership 1–3 weeks Designer Communicator Communication channel
 Semi-membership 4–5 weeks Facilitator Participant Interaction channel
Full membership     
 Inward membership 6–12 weeks Partner/collaborator Constructor/collaborator Collaboration space
 Outward membership 13–15 or more weeks Partner/community member Collaborator/advocator Community place