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Table 4 Comparison of the proportions of types of collaborators

From: Patterns of student collaborative learning in blended course designs based on their learning orientations: a student approaches to learning perspective

Types of collaborators UC MC RC Pairwise comparison z p
No % No % No %   
Passive 16 22.22% 27 24.55% 19 33.93% UC = MC 0.40 0.72
       UC = RC 1.50 0.14
       MC = RC 1.30 0.20
Active 18 25.00% 24 21.82% 19 33.93% UC = MC 0.50 0.62
       UC = RC 1.10 0.27
       MC = RC 1.70 0.09
Reciprocal 38 52.78% 59 53.64% 18 32.14% UC = MC 0.10 0.91
       UC > RC 2.30 0.02
        MC > RC 2.60 0.00
  1. The significant results are bolded
  2. UC  Understanding Collaboration pattern, MC  Mixed Collaboration pattern, RC  Reproducing Collaboration pattern