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Table 1 Educational task of ECs

From: Educational chatbots for project-based learning: investigating learning outcomes for a team-based design course

Task Description
Administrative and management EC is used to aid the onboarding of learning activities
FAQ Platform EC provides feedback on FAQs for administration or educational topics
Mentoring EC is used to monitor students learning outcomes cognitively and affectively
Motivational EC provides emotional and motivational support
Practice specific skills and abilities EC is used as a practice buddy to learn a language, communication, and programming
Simulations EC is used to simulate conditions that aid with rehabilitation, such as in healthcare
Reflection and metacognitive strategies EC is used as a skillful classmate that aids learning
Student learning assessment ECs measure learning outcomes quickly and routinely