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Table 7 Significance (effect sizes) for significant differences across class standing for the four access items

From: University students experience the COVID-19 induced shift to remote instruction

  Sophomore Masters Doctoral
Internet service
First year    .012 (.43)
Sophomore   .039 (.35) .002 (.48)
Junior    .005 (.44)
Senior    .005 (.45)
Communication software
First year   .023 (.38)  < .001 (.61)
Sophomore   .000 (.53)  < .001 (.76)
Junior   .001 (.47)  < .001 (.71)
Senior   .001 (.46)  < .001 (.70)
Devices
First Year    .042 (.37)
Sophomore    .020 (.39)
Junior    .003 (.44)
Senior    .009 (.42)
Collaboration tools
First Year     < .001 (.75)
Sophomore    < .001 (.58)  < .001 (.99)
Junior .009 (.27)    < .001 (.80)
Senior   .049 (.34)  < .001 (.84)
Graduate (non-degree) .003 (.79)