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Table 3 Entry-level of both experimental and control groups in students' scores on skills, participation, performance, emotional, and overall score for the pre-test "students’ engagement"

From: Adaptive e-learning environment based on learning styles and its impact on development students' engagement

Engagement factor Group No Arith Mean Std. D T "Value"
Skills Experiment 60 21.07 1.89 0.464
Control 58 24.25 1.72
Participation/Interaction Experiment 60 13.57 1.47 0.514
Control 58 11.34 1.31
Performance Experiment 60 12.70 1.20 0.321
Control 58 13.43 1.11
Emotional Experiment 60 11.23 1.45 0.397
Control 58 12.62 1.52
Whole engagement scale Experiment 60 26.76 1.84 0.632
Control 58 24.91 1.78