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Table 3 Internal consistency of the measurement model

From: CAVE-based immersive learning in undergraduate courses: examining the effect of group size and time of application

Construct Composite reliability Average variance extracted
VR features .89 .90
Usability .61 .66
Presence NA NA
Motivation NA NA
Cognitive benefits NA NA
Control and active learning NA NA
Reflective thinking NA NA
Learning outcomes .79 .59
  1. NA = Not applicable, as these constructs were measured using a single observed variable