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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of individual, course, and institutional factors and correlation to instructional change variables

From: Instructional changes instigated by university faculty during the COVID-19 pandemic: the effect of individual, course and institutional factors

  1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 Correlation to instructional changes
Change in media/material Change in practice/behavior Change in attitude/understanding of teaching and learning Change total
1.Individual factors
 1.1 Innovation propensity (1) 0.23*** 0.05 0.16* .13 0.06 0.07 0.19** 0.53 0.21** 0.17* 0.15* 0.20**
 1.2 Technology acceptance   (1) 0.08 0.33** 0.38** 0.17* 0.24** 0.18** 0.13 0.37** 0.37** 0.36** 0.41**
 1.3 Teaching perspectives    (1) 0.19** − 0.01 0.18* − 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.00 0.17* 0.15* 0.12
2. Course factors
 2.1 Media synchronicity     (1) 0.27** 0.27** 0.22** 0.05 0.10 0.25** 0.34** 0.34** 0.35**
 2.2 Amount of modification      (1) 0.05 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.07 0.13 0.12
 2.3 Time spent for the course       (1) 0.16* 0.03 0.07 0.26** 0.26** 0.21** 0.27**
3. Institutional factors
 3.1 Institutional supports fidelity        (1) 0.30** 0.54** 0.29** 0.19** 0.20** 0.25**
 3.2 Nudging strategies         (1) 0.53** 0.17* 0.15* 0.06 0.14*
 3.3 Upheaval strategies          (1) 0.26** 0.16* 0.11 0.20**
M 3.98 3.16 3.88 3.30 2.56 3.99 2.90 3.55 3.77 3.51 3.53 3.32 3.45
SD 0.50 0.74 0.74 1.13 0.76 0.65 1.15 0.68 0.82 1.02 1.11 1.18 0.98
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, and *p < 0.05