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Table 9 Themes and subthemes

From: Flipping an on-campus general English course: a focus on technology complexity of instruction and learners’ levels of impulsivity

Themes Rank Word Count Weighted percentage (%) Subthemes Meaning
Challenges/opportunities 1 Teacher 22 4.40 Advantages
Disadvantages
Negative and positive attitudes towards FI
2 Students 15 3.00
3 Videos 14 2.80
4 Persian 13 2.60
5 Class 12 2.40
Learning outcomes 1 Materials 14 6.83 The importance of the content
The importance of concentration
How FI helped learning
2 Time 11 5.37
3 Watch 11 5.37
4 Videos 10 4.88
5 Period 14 6.83
Students’ feelings 1 Good 15 8.02 Positive
Negative
Students’ feelings towards/ impressions of the FI
2 Think 8 4.28
3 Strategy 7 3.74
4 Happy 6 3.21
5 Interaction 6 3.21
Teacher role 1 Teacher 25 7.96 Content/activities
Teaching techniques
Expectations from the teacher
2 Videos 16 5.10
3 Students 14 4.46
4 Points 11 3.50
5 Class 10 3.18