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Table 4 RQ4 and RQ5 (bolded half column titled 3.MatSelx) courses completion and assessment bias characteristics

From: Defining and measuring completion and assessment biases with respect to English language and development status: not all MOOCs are equal

  ESD.SCM1x 8.MReVx 7.00x.2
Developed mean − 0.048 − 0.041 0.04
Developing mean 0.089 0.095 0.183
t (df) 0.98 (206.73) 0.79 (191.67) 1.12 (132.1)
p .331 .434 .266
OR (p) 1.684 (< .001) 1.442 (.004) 1.248 (.029)
n (learners/items) 531/468 501/434 940/853
  JPAL101SPAx CTL.CFx 3.MatSelx
Developed mean 0.053 − 0.001 0.033
Developing mean 0.582 − 0.043 − 0.461
t (df) 2.375 (4.18) 0.247 (55.43) 2.388 (37.38)
p .074 .806 .022
OR(p) 1.207 (.248) 1.097 (.622) 1.114 (.505)
n (learners/items) 160/300 348/65 152/41