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Table 3 Means and standard deviations of subjective experience for the three groups

From: An eye tracking study: positive emotional interface design facilitates learning outcomes in multimedia learning?

  HPED
N = 27
LPED
N = 27
ND
N = 27
F p
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Invested cognitive load [max = 9] 6.93 (1.21) 7.65 (0.94) 6.44 (1.42) 6.71 .002
Perceived task difficulty [max = 7] 4.30 (1.17) 4.23 (0.95) 3.56 (1.19) 3.67 .030
Interface score [max = 7] 5.07 (0.96) 4.96 (1.08) 4.81 (1.36) .35 .707
Intrinsic motivation [max = 56] 40.85 (8.17) 42.81 (6.93) 38.96 (6.50) 1.87 .161
Experienced task satisfaction [max = 7] 4.93 (0.99) 4.85 (1.01) 4.67 (1.24) .40 .671
Expected learning outcomes [max = 7] 3.74 (1.29) 4.08 (1.26) 3.96 (1.26) .483 .619