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Table 5 Direct transitional patterns of the cognitive dimension (Group A, Group B, Group C)

From: Exploring the effect of three scaffoldings on the collaborative problem-solving processes in China’s higher education

Current move Upcoming move
KS KM KD
KS 0.36 (0.13), 0.23 (0.29), 0.48 (0.22) − 0.35 (0.24), − 0.22 (0.27), − 0.46 (0.24) 0.03 (0.70), 0.07 (0.31), − 0.46 (0.68)
KM − 0.34 (0.13), − 0.26 (0.17), − 0.43 (0.28) 0.35 (0.19), 0.24 (0.14), 0.39 (0.32) − 0.07 (0.58), − 0.12 (0.14), 0.52 (0.62)
KD − 0.13 (0.27), 0.11 (0.22), − 0.06 (0.92) 0.11 (0.19), − 0.13 (0.16), 0.10 (0.92) − 0.61 (0.79), 0.06 (0.30), − 0.01 (0.30)
  1. The values are shown as Mean (SD)