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Table 3 Socioeconomic profile of at-risk electoral divisions

From: The disconnected: COVID-19 and disparities in access to quality broadband for higher education students

ED at-risk measure ED-level deprivation Median household income (€) PC ownership (proportion)
Low coverage EDs − 4.70 (4.96) 45,245 (9,531) 0.66 (0.07)
Very low coverage EDs − 4.90 (4.89) 44,639 (9,096) 0.65 (0.07)**
Minimal coverage EDs − 5.31 (4.83) 43,890 (9,333) 0.64 (0.07)***
No coverage EDs − 6.30 (5.58)*** 41,207 (10,019)*** 0.63 (0.09)***
All poor coverage (at-risk) EDs − 5.10 (5.06) 44,241 (9,588) 0.65 (0.08)
All non-poor coverage EDs − 4.97 (7.39) 44,693 (12,835) 0.67 (0.09)
All EDs − 5.03 (6.39) 44,477 (11,403) 0.66 (0.09)
  1. Low coverage denotes between 25 and 50% of residential addresses in ED have access to high speed broadband services as per National Broadband Plan map, very low coverage denotes between 10 and 25%, minimal coverage denotes between 0 and 10%, and no coverage denotes no residential addresses in ED have access to high speed broadband services. Poor coverage is defined as fewer than 50% of residential addresses in an ED having access to high speed broadband services. The table also presents results from two-sample t-tests with unequal variances of the difference in means between at-risk EDs and non-poor coverage EDs. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05
  2. Source: Analysis of data from HEA, GeoDirectory, NBP, and CSO