Skip to main content

Table 5 Results for internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity

From: Explaining persistence in online courses in higher education: a difference-in-differences analysis

  α FC AVE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1. Persistence in online courses 0.88 0.93 0.81 0.90             
2. Performance expectancy 0.96 0.96 0.75 0.18 0.86            
3. Effort expectancy 0.90 0.93 0.77 0.31 0.39 0.88           
4. Social influence 0.96 0.98 0.96 − 0.05 0.31 0.17 0.98          
5. Facilitating conditions 0.90 0.94 0.83 0.25 0.62 0.50 0.26 0.91         
6. Behavioral intention 0.97 0.98 0.93 0.17 0.37 0.33 0.20 0.46 0.97        
7. Anxiety 0.92 0.94 0.68 − 0.38 − 0.13 − 0.38 0.09 − 0.25 − 0.24 0.83       
8. Employment status 1.00 1.00 1.00 − 0.01 − 0.02 − 0.08 − 0.10 0.00 − 0.04 − 0.07 1.00      
9. Family responsibilities 1.00 1.00 1.00 − 0.02 0.04 − 0.10 − 0.07 − .01 − 0.06 0.05 0.23 1.00     
10. Employer support 1.00 1.00 1.00 − 0.05 0.13 0.01 0.15 0.09 0.03 0.03 0.22 0.16 1.00    
11. Engagement 0.93 0.94 0.74 0.20 0.31 0.16 0.09 0.28 0.16 − 0.06 0.03 0.13 0.05 0.86   
12. Satisfaction 0.95 0.96 0.70 0.34 0.41 0.30 0.09 0.44 0.22 − 0.18 0.11 0.09 0.11 0.32 0.84  
13. Learning community 0.95 0.96 0.62 0.24 0.46 0.25 0.20 0.41 0.20 − 0.06 0.10 0.14 0.13 0.42 0.77 0.79
  1. α Cronbach alpha, CR composite reliability, AVE Average variance extracted