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Table 5 Descriptive statistics and correlations

From: Gamification and active learning in higher education: is it possible to match digital society, academia and students' interests?

Control group (Group 1) and experimental group (Group 2)
(n = 132)
1 2 3
1. Block 1—Students’ skills (SKI) 0.834   
2. Students’ academic achievement (objective measure) 0.173* NA  
3. Block 2—Students’ satisfaction (SAT) 0.577** 0.036ns 0.914
Mean 5.321 4.867 5.716
SD 1.123 1.595 0.973
Control group (Group 1)
(n = 65)
1 2 3
1. Block 1—Students’ skills (SKI) 0.775   
2. Students’ academic achievement (objective measure) 0.077ns NA  
3. Block 2—Students’ satisfaction (SAT) 0.566** − 0.160ns 0.901
Mean 4.887 4.664 5.739
SD 1.054 1.648 0.985
Experimental group (Group 2)
(n = 67)
1 2 3
1. Block 1—Students’ skills (SKI) 0.871   
2. Students’ academic achievement (objective measure) 0.199ns NA  
3. Block 2—Students’ satisfaction (SAT) 0.702** 0.251* 0.931
Mean 5.741 5.063 5.694
SD 1.031 1.529 0.969
  1. Correlation coefficients were computed by means of the average scores of the indicators included in each of the latent variables. The square root of AVE is reported in italics along the diagonal
  2. ns non-significant, NA not applicable
  3. ***p = 0.00; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05