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Table 3 Theoretical foundations of primary studies

From: Understanding students’ behavior in online social networks: a systematic literature review

Theories Studies Number
Lifestyle-exposure theory Kokkinos and Saripanidis (2017) 1
Expectancy violations theory Enskat et al. (2017) 1
UTAUT Nawi et al. (2017), Borrero et al. (2014), Moghavvemi et al. (2017a, b) 3
Use and Gratification Theory Yazdanparast et al. (2015), Ifinedo (2016), Kim et al. (2011), Ha et al. (2018), Asiedu and Badu (2018), Hossain and Veenstra (2013), Cheung et al. (2011), Chang and Heo (2014), Wang et al. (2012a, b) 9
Social influence Ifinedo (2016), Moghavvemi et al. (2017a, b), Cheung et al. (2011) 3
TRA Chang and Chen (2014) 1
TBP Chang and Chen (2014) 1
TAM Chang and Chen (2014), Doleck et al. (2017), Teo et al. (2017) 3
Media richness Ha et al. (2018) 1
Social rank theory of depression Tandoc et al. (2015) 1
Knowledge sharing model Kim et al. (2015) 1
Activity theory Deng and Tavares (2013) 1
Big Five Traits Model Sin and Kim (2013), Skues et al. (2012), Wang et al. (2012a, b) 3
Social capital theory Liu and Brown (2014) 1
Extending anxiety/uncertainty management theory Rui and Wang (2015) 1
Student involvement theory Akbari et al. (2016) 1
Social learning theory Park et al. (2014a, b) 1
Social contract theory Chang and Heo (2014) 1