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Table 8 Derivation of new variables

From: Predicting academic success in higher education: literature review and best practices

Initial DataNew DataRef
GPA in consecutive semesters, e,g, GPA1, GPA2Difference, to observe a trend over time
Diff = GPA2 - GPA1
(Pittman, 2008)
Reply discussion messagesParticipation Rate = Reply discussion messages / total discussion messages(Mueen et al., 2016)