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Table 2 Analysis of indirect and total effects between key factors

From: Examining the key influencing factors on college students’ higher-order thinking skills in the smart classroom environment

  Path Effect value   Account (indirect/total)
SCP → LS   47.4%
Direct effect SCP → LS   0.286
Indirect effect SCP → LM → LS 0.510*0.505 = 0.258 0.258
Total effect   0.544
SCP → HOTS   100%
Direct effect SCP → HOTS   0.000
Indirect effect SCP → LM → HOTS 0.510*0.244 = 0.124 0.232
SCP → LS → PI → HOTS 0.286*0.298*0.665 = 0.057
SCP → LM → LS → PI → HOTS 0.510*0.505*0.298*0.665 = 0.051
Total effect   0.232
LM → HOTS   29.1%
Direct effect LM → HOTS   0.244
Indirect effect LM → LS → PI → HOTS 0.505*0.298*0.665 = 0.100 0.100
Total effect   0.344