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Table 6 Mediation effects

From: The roles of academic engagement and digital readiness in students’ achievements in university e-learning environments

Path Effect p- value Bootstrapping
E-learning adoption - > Digital readiness - > Academic engagement 0.052 0.000 95% LLCI: 0.028, ULCI; 0.080
E-learning attitude - > Digital readiness - > Academic engagement 0.041 0.020 95% LLCI: 0.011, ULCI; 0.079
E-learning adoption - > Digital readiness - > Academic engagement - > Academic achievement 0.015 0.001 95% LLCI: 0.008, ULCI; 0.024
E-learning attitude - > Digital readiness - > Academic engagement - > Academic achievement 0.012 0.026 95% LLCI: 0.003, ULCI; 0.024
E-learning adoption - > Academic engagement - > Academic achievement 0.038 0.009 95% LLCI: 0.010, ULCI; 0.066
E-learning attitude - > Academic engagement - > Academic achievement 0.006 0.693 95% LLCI: −0.023, ULCI; 0.036
  1. LLCI Lower level confidence interval, ULCI Upper level confidence interval