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Table 4 Matrix of loadings and cross-loadings of variables in the measurement model

From: The roles of academic engagement and digital readiness in students’ achievements in university e-learning environments

  1 2 3 4
1. Academic engagement AE1 0.707 0.164 0.140 0.216
AE2 0.752 0.159 0.102 0.223
AE3 0.805 0.166 0.086 0.259
AE4 0.799 0.157 0.108 0.247
AE5 0.809 0.157 0.117 0.253
2. E-learning adoption EA1 0.201 0.897 0.411 0.211
EA2 0.183 0.851 0.377 0.154
EA3 0.171 0.910 0.418 0.305
3. E-learning attitude ET1 0.139 0.451 0.921 0.224
ET2 0.108 0.390 0.923 0.182
ET3 0.129 0.386 0.928 0.217
ET4 0.140 0.423 0.879 0.238
4. Digital readiness DR1 0.295 0.187 0.159 0.756
DR2 0.284 0.224 0.200 0.793
DR3 0.222 0.226 0.202 0.854
DR4 0.196 0.211 0.218 0.862