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The Future of MOOCs: Adaptive Learning or Business Model?

El futuro de los MOOC: ¿aprendizaje adaptado o modelo de negocio?

Abstract

Currently, many MOOCs are designed as a collection of videos with a forum using some traditional distance learning models, but they do not promote adaptive and personalized learning. These features, together with the quality of the training process, must be the main challenges for the coming years.

These types of courses can have a formative role in higher education, not only in countries where MOOCs are already offered but also in less economically developed countries. To make this possible MOOCs must adopt different teaching strategies to promote personalized learning and offer some form of accreditation and certification.

The future of MOOCs can be understood if we approach it from five dimensions: the teaching model, monetization, certification, adaptive learning and MOOCs for developing countries.

Resumen

En la actualidad, muchos cursos MOOC se diseñan como si fueran una colección de vídeos a los que se añade un foro, lo que implica seguir un modelo de enseñanza a distancia traditional sin promover un aprendizaje adaptado o personalizado. Aspectos como estos, junto con la calidad del proceso formativo, deben constituir uno de los principales retos de los MOOC en los próximos años.

Este tipo de cursos pueden desempeñar un importante papel formativo en la educación superior, no solo en países donde ya se está ofreciendo este tipo de formación sino en países en vías de desarrollo. Para hacerlo posible, los MOOC deben adoptar diferentes estrategias de enseñanza para promover un aprendizaje más personalizado que conlleve también algún tipo de certificación y acreditación de las enseñanzas.

El futuro de los MOOC debe pasar por afrontar cinco dimensiones prioritarias: el modelo pedagógico, los procesos de monetización, la certificación, el aprendizaje adaptado y los MOOC en países en vías de desarrollo.

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Correspondence to Sir John Daniel.

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Daniel, J., Vázquez Cano, E. & Gisbert Cervera, M. The Future of MOOCs: Adaptive Learning or Business Model?. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 12, 64–73 (2015). https://doi.org/10.7238/rusc.v12i1.2475

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Keywords

  • MOOC
  • adaptive learning
  • certification
  • higher education
  • teaching model
  • quality

Palabras clave

  • MOOC
  • aprendizaje adaptado
  • certificación
  • educación superior
  • modelo pedagógico
  • calidad