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Model for democratisation of the contents hosted in MOOCs

Modelo de democratización de los contenidos albergados en los MOOC

Abstract

Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) have emerged as a new educational tool in higher education, based on gratuity, massiveness and ubiquity. Essentially they suggest an evolution of the Open Learning Movement based on principles of reusing, revising, remixing and redistributing open educational resources (OER). However, in contrast with the content of OERs, content hosed in MOOCs tends to be paywalled and copyrighted, which restricts its reuse. Philosophically, the main problem with MOOCs is the inaccessibility and inadaptability of their resources, challenging democratic open access to knowledge. A number of authors and organisations consider it an ultimate necessity to open up MOOC resources. Therefore in this paper three strategies to open up MOOC contents are proposed: to deposit the materials in repositories of OER (ROER) as individual objects, to archive them in ROER in data packages as learning units or to convert them into OpenCourseWare (OCW) as self-taught courses.

Resumen

Los cursos online masivos y abiertos (MOOC por Massive Online Open Courses) son la materialización de un nuevo escenario formativo en la educación superior fundamentado en la gratuidad, la masividad y la ubicuidad. En su esencia suponen una evolución del movimiento de aprendizaje abierto (Open Learning Movement), cuyos principios son la reutilización, revision, remezcla y redistribución de los recursos educativos abiertos (REA). Pero a diferencia de estos, en los MOOC los contenidos están cerrados y protegidos bajo copyright, por lo que sus materiales no pueden ser reutilizados. Criticados desde diferentes puntos de vista, desde la perspectiva de la filosofía REA, el principal problema que presentan es que sus recursos no sean accesibles, modificables y traducibles, lo que impide la democratización y el acceso libre del conocimiento. Por ello diferentes autores e instancias consideran necesaria la apertura de los contenidos de los MOOC y en este artículo se proponen tres estrategias para abrir los contenidos: depositar los materiales en repositorios de REA, archivarlos como objetos individuales en repositorios de REA como paquetes de datos y su conversión a Open Courseware, como cursos de autoaprendizaje.

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Correspondence to Javiera Atenas.

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Atenas, J. Model for democratisation of the contents hosted in MOOCs. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 12, 3–14 (2015). https://doi.org/10.7238/rusc.v12i1.2031

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Keywords

  • MOOCs
  • OER
  • democratic knowledge

Palabras clave

  • MOOC
  • REA
  • democratización del conocimiento