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Open Access

Mobile learning in the field of Architecture and Building Construction. A case study analysis

  • Ernest Redondo Domínguez1Email author,
  • David Fonseca Escudero2,
  • Albert Sánchez Riera3 and
  • Isidro Navarro Delgado1
International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education201411:11010152

Received: 15 May 2013

Accepted: 15 October 2013

Published: 15 January 2014


This educational research focuses on the use of mobile learning (m-learning) in the field of Architecture and Building Construction. It was conducted at various levels of university teaching (bachelor’s and master’s degree courses) to assess the integration of augmented reality (AR) technology on mobile devices. Several cases employing different strategies were studied. These strategies ranged from using Quick Response (QR) codes or specific markers to download multimedia content created by the students, to 3D georeferencing models that allowed information to be visualised, adjusted and assessed on site. Specific practical exercises were therefore designed for different topics, where the two most common forms of registering were tested (optical image recognition and GPS positioning). Light integration at the scene was also addressed. Owing to the high cost and limited availability of these devices, experimental groups made up of small numbers of students were formed so that devices could be shared if necessary. Improvement in academic performance and system usability were assessed in each specific case using standardised questionnaires, and the results were compared to those obtained for the control group students. The results show that these devices have become an effective, efficient and satisfactory tool for the use of hand-held AR technology.


educational researchmobile learningaugmented realityarchitectural representationuser experience