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Table 1 Results of the measurement model

From: Examining the key influencing factors on college students’ higher-order thinking skills in the smart classroom environment

  Reliability Convergent validity Discriminant validity
Alpha CR AVE HOTS LM LS PI SCP
HOTS 0.888 0.931 0.817 0.904     
LM 0.833 0.923 0.857 0.427 0.926    
LS 0.863 0.936 0.880 0.415 0.651 0.938   
PI 0.858 0.934 0.876 0.728 0.302 0.394 0.936  
SCP 0.951 0.959 0.747 0.265 0.510 0.543 0.307 0.865
Criteria  > 0.70  > 0.70  > 0.50