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Table 4 Correlation of student self-assessment, system assessment, target goals, and performance

From: An analysis of internal and external feedback in self-regulated learning activities mediated by self-regulated learning tools and open learner models

Round   1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Initial self-assessment Exam 1 − 0.013 0.090 0.058 0.001
  Exam 2 0.196 0.094 0.061 0.028
Initial system assessment Exam 1 0.192 0.278* 0.175 0.342**
  Exam 2 0.207+ 0.358** 0.355** 0.561***
Modified initial self-assessment Exam 1 0.002 0.061 0.054 0.030
  Exam 2 0.237+ 0.177 0.150 0.171
Target Exam 1 − 0.051 0.031 0.081 − 0.026
  Exam 2 0.000 0.026 0.095 − 0.021
Follow-up self-assessment Exam 1 0.052 0.069 0.204 − 0.026
  Exam 2 0.043 − 0.131 0.028 − 0.053
Follow-up system assessment Exam 1 0.215+ 0.167 0.236+ 0.315*
  Exam 2 0.335** 0.378** 0.406** 0.490***
Modified follow-up self-assessment Exam 1 0.025 0.104 0.144 − 0.026
  Exam 2 0.063 0.013 0.017 − 0.053
  1. Exam 1: program-output-prediction examination; Exam 2: programming examination
  2. +p < 0.1; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001