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Table 4 Latent variable correlations

From: Engagement in cloud-supported collaborative learning and student knowledge construction: a modeling study

Code CE CP KS RT KC
SH MF TE E I RES SSW WS HA U REF CR PU AP C
SH 0.907               
MF 0.368 0.901              
TE 0.103 0.107 0.828             
E 0.193 0.115 0.591 0.845            
I 0.249 0.157 0.660 0.591 0.839           
RES 0.169 0.145 0.500 0.485 0.523 0.833          
SSW 0.242 0.138 0.262 0.210 0.176 0.233 0.831         
WS 0.241 0.148 0.130 0.156 0.043 0.150 0.606 0.862        
HA 0.147 0.119 0.112 0.195 0.085 0.131 0.520 0.476 0.831       
U 0.104 0.195 0.167 0.214 0.163 0.115 0.446 0.520 0.592 0.846      
REF 0.099 0.128 0.140 0.269 0.139 0.145 0.463 0.439 0.686 0.651 0.839     
CR 0.146 0.179 0.103 0.231 0.138 0.100 0.438 0.519 0.608 0.666 0.669 0.846    
PU 0.271 0.240 0.201 0.119 0.110 0.269 0.614 0.596 0.589 0.548 0.546 0.562 0.919   
AP 0.200 0.212 0.204 0.180 0.147 0.296 0.440 0.601 0.501 0.626 0.530 0.605 0.736 0.755  
C 0.269 0.208 0.055 0.115 0.021 0.111 0.447 0.492 0.459 0.543 0.546 0.535 0.752 0.687 0.830
  1. CE: cognitive engagement, SH: shallow, ME: meaningful; CP: cognitive presence, TE: triggering event, E: exploration, I: integration, RES: resolution; KS: knowledge sharing, SSW: sense of self-worth, WS: willingness to support; RT: reflective thinking, HA: habitual action, U: understanding, REF: reflection, CR: critical reflection; KC: knowledge construction, PU: problem understanding, AP: achieving perspective, C: commitment