Minus log sum of 1(strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree) rating of 6 items (Cronbach’s α = 0.8002):|
• I enjoy online learning.
• My overall impression of hybrid/online learning is very good.
• I often speak or communicate to others in online classes.
• The instructors of online/hybrid classes are generally responsive.
• Instructors reduce and catch cheating effectively in hybrid/online classes.
• I am comfortable with online learning technologies.
Minus log sum of 1(strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree) rating of 4 items (Cronbach’s α = 0.7525)|
• I enjoy face-to-face classes more.
• I learn more in face-to-face classes.
• I often speak or communicate to others in face-to-face classes.
• I think that fairness and equity is better in face-to-face classes.
|Selection Online Class||Log percent online class selection going forward|
|Undergraduate (vs. graduate)||Graduate (1) vs. Undergraduate (0)|
|Age||Log year of age|
|Race||White (1), African American (2), API (3), Latino (4), and Other (5)|
|Work Status||Full Time (2), Part Time (1), Not Work (0)|
|Distance to University||Log number of miles away from campus|
|Number of HD/OL Classes Taken||Log number of classes taken|
|Basic Online Modality||Minus Factor score|
|Instructional Support||Minus Factor score|
|Teaching Presence||Minus Factor score|
|Cognitive Presence||Minus Factor score|
|Online Social Comfort||Minus Factor score|
|Interactive Modality||Minus Factor score|
|Social Presence||Minus Factor score|