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Table 5 Descriptive statistics, means and standard deviations of the items that make up the three types of interactions in CSCL environments

From: Interaction in computer supported collaborative learning: an analysis of the implementation phase

 DK/NAVery lowLowMediumHighVery high 
n%n%n%n%n%n%MeanSD
Cognitive interaction
 Face uncertainties within the team0.000.000.001514.294240.004845.714.31.71
 Manage criticism and self-criticism constructively0.000.001.9565.713634.296259.054.51.65
 Make consensual decisions1.950.000.0076.673230.486561.904.51.76
 Develop group analysis guidelines0.000.001.9598.574038.105552.384.42.69
 Show initiative0.000.001.95109.523735.245754.294.43.71
 Make contributions to the team outside the task (knowledge, experience or information)1.950.001.951514.294643.814240.004.20.84
 Encourage participation1.950.001.9587.623331.436259.054.46.81
 Exchange information sources0.001.951.9565.713937.145855.244.45.73
Social interaction
 Value the contributions of other team members0.001.950.0032.863533.336662.864.57.65
 Tolerate points of view that are different from your own0.000.0021.9032.863230.486864.764.58.65
 Express personal ideas and opinions freely.0.000.001.9598.572826.676763.814.53.69
 Treat teammates with respect1.950.000.0032.862120.008076.194.70.68
 Share experiences related to the task1.950.0021.9076.673836.195754.294.40.83
Organizational interaction
 Establish times in which the effectiveness of the team organization is assessed0.0032.8632.862019.054845.713129.523.96.93
 Leadership by the coordinator to mediate in the organization0.000.0043.811615.244139.054441.904.19.83
 Help other team members to learn0.000.0054.761312.384038.104744.764.23.85