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Table 3 Means and standard deviations of GSR and theta/beta for the two groups

From: Can emotional design really evoke emotion in multimedia learning?

GSRBaseline periodExperimental periodChange value
PD (n = 18)ND (n = 15)PD (n = 18)ND (n = 15)PD (n = 18)ND (n = 15)
 4.45(0.15)3.12(0.06)4.12(0.09)2.77(0.02)−0.33(0.14)−0.35(0.12)
U 82.500   119.000
Z −1.898   −0.578
p 0.058   0.563
Theta/Beta9.25 (3.87)10.46 (3.05)10.85 (3.68)14.95 (4.08)1.6 (1.05)4.49 (0.63)
U 116.000   103.000
Z −0.687   −1.157
p 0.492   0.247
  1. Note: The change is the difference in the mean between the experimental and baseline period. That is, M_change = M_ experimental period - M_ baseline period
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